Best Ingredients in Skincare for Hyperpigmentation

Dark patches on your skin due to hyperpigmentation are a significant cause of concern for people who have them. There are many products in the market claiming to help with hyperpigmentation but how do you know what works?  Starting with understanding the ingredients contained in products is a good start, as some ingredients can heal and reduce hyperpigmentation whilst others may exacerbate the condition further. Here’s a list of the best ingredients found to heal and reduce hyperpigmentation.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C helps to reduce hyperpigmentation due to its role in restricting melanin production. Remember, it’s the excess production of melanin that causes hyperpigmentation. Vitamin C serums made from potent ingredients such as Kakadu Plums should be part of any helpful hyperpigmentation skincare product. This ingredient is an excellent antioxidant, which inhibits tryosinase activity and consequently reduce melanin. As an added bonus, it also helps to counteract damage from free radicals. 

Vitamin A

Vitamin A and it’s derivatives are powerhouses when it comes to skincare ingredients and is particularly known for its anti-ageing properties. As a powerhouse ingredient, it can also be highly effective in evening out skin tone and reducing hyperpigmentation thanks to its stimulation to increase skin cell regeneration. The Khoe Skin Heal Me Vitamin A Serum uses a derivative called retinyl palmitate which is more gentle than retinol and is packed full of benefits. With antioxidant and exfoliant properties it will not only help with counteracting hyperpigmentation, it also aids in unclogging pores, brightening the skin and reducing visible signs of ageing.

Kojic Acid

Like Vitamin C, Kojic acid inhibits tyrosinase enzymes which produce melanin. Through this process it evens out skin tone addressing hyperpigmentation. This natural product is also rich in antioxidants, thus protecting your skin from damage by daily pollutants such as environmental toxins and dust.

Kojic acid can have some side effects, such as redness and swelling. You need to do a patch test on the inside of the wrist to see what happens before applying it on the face or larger and more sensitive parts of the skin. Proceed to use it if the patch test is encouraging.

Niacinamide

This is a type of Vitamin B3, an essential player in cell metabolism. It deals with hyperpigmentation by treating acne, one of the leading causes of hyperpigmentation. Vitamin B3 also interrupts the pigmentation process and, in doing so, brightens the skin. This ingredient is mild, and you can use it every day. It works best when combined with products such as Vitamin C.

Alpha Arbutin

This ingredient occurs naturally in bearberry, dried bearberry, pear tree leaves, etc. When used over time, it reduces dark spots on the skin thus helps combat hyperpigmentation. It is much milder than Kojic acid. Available anecdotal evidence shows that people who use Arbutin products see their skin tone start to even out in one or two months.

Glycolic Acid

This is an alpha hydroxy acid that is made from sugarcane. It is a great exfoliant, and is very effective in evening out the skin tone of someone with hyperpigmentation. Its ability to exfoliate means that it can penetrate to the deepest levels of the skin, dealing with the problem effectively.